The United States takes to the West in pursuit of developing the land gained before the Civil War. From all walks of life come miners, ranchers and farmers willing to confront the challenges of taming the West.
Vocabulary - boomtown/ghost town, Comstock Lode (1859), cowboy, Open Range, cattle drives, barbed wire, Homestead Act of 1862, sod houses, Morrill Land Grant Act of 1862, land rush, transcontinental railroad
THE INDIAN WARS
The pressure of white settlers moving into lands held by natives sparks conflict and battles across the West that cause the relationship between the United States and the Indians to deteriorate into a tragic end.
Vocabulary - buffalo, Sand Creek Massacre (1864), Battle of Little Big Horn (1876), Exodus of the Nez Perce (1877), A Century of Dishonor (1881), Dawes Act (1887), Massacre at Wounded Knee (1890) Lt. Col George Armstrong Custer, Chief Joseph, Helen Hunt Jackson
POPULISM AND THE FARMERS UNITE
Farmers are exploited in the later part of the 1800s as railroads and other industries rise to power. The struggle of farmers unites them in a major political force that calls for change and shapes the political landscape for decades to come.
Vocabulary - inflation, rebate, Grange, Munn v. Illinois, Wabash v. Illinois, Interstate Commerce Commission, Populism/Populist Party, Omaha Platform, gold standard, bimetallism Oliver Kelley, William McKinley, William Jennings Bryan
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