Italian leader and founder of fascism that sided with Hitler and Germany in WWII.
overthrown and assassinated by the Italian Resistance in 1945
Japanese prime minister during WWII who helped lead Pearl Harbor Attack
founder of the German Nazi Party and chancellor of the Third Reich
ruled as an absolute dictator of Germany pursuing aggressive nationalist policies that caused the outbreak of World War II
his regime was infamous for the extermination of millions of people, especially European Jews in the Holocaust
FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT (FDR)
UNITED STATES (r.1933–1945)
American president who led the United States throughout most of World War II after the Bombing of Pearl Harbor
together with Churchill, helped lay the foundation of the United Nations after the war.
UNITED STATES (r.1945–1953)
FDR's vice-president who succeeded him upon his death in April 1945 and led the country through the last few months of World War II,
made the controversial decision to drop atomic bombs against two Japanese cities in August 1945 to win the war.
emperor of Japan during WWII whose people viewed him as a god
pushed Japan's militarization of in the 1930's eventually leading to Japan's invasion of China and involvement in WWII.
SOVIET UNION (1922–1952)
Soviet leader who succeeded Lenin as head of the Communist Party creating a totalitarian state by purging all opposition
quickly industrialized the Soviet Union through his 5-Year Plans
led the Soviet Union during World War II (Great Patriotic War)
UNITED KINGDOM (r.1940–1945)
British prime minister who led Britain throughout most of World War II.
together with FDR, helped lay the foundation of the United Nations after the war.
GEN. DWIGHT D. EISENHOWER
UNITED STATES (1890–1969)
leader of Allied forces in Europe during World War II
Allied commander of D-Day invasion
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